Under the Code of Criminal Procedure, the Criminal Courts (Sessions Courts) exercise their jurisdiction over criminal matters at the district level. As per the Code of Criminal Procedure, section 225 to 237 address the procedures in a trial before the Sessions Court.
A state government sets up a Sessions Court for every sessions division and it is run by a Sessions Court judge. The High Court of the state is responsible for appointing the judge. In case the office of the Sessions Judge is not filled, the High Court can make space to hear any urgent case matter or application through an Additional or an Assistant Sessions Judge or in case of their their absence, by a Chief Judicial Magistrate (CJM).
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