National Commission for Backward Classes
India's National Commission for Backward Classes is a constitutional body under India's Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. The Commission is led by a Chairperson, and further comprises a Vice-Chairperson and 3 members. The President decides the duration of their term and guidelines for service. It is given the power to regulate its own procedure. The duties of the Commission are outlined as follows:
- Monitor and oversee matters linked to the provision of safeguards for both, the socially and educationally backward classes. They also evaluate the implementation of these safeguards.
- Investigate specific complaints in matters of withholding of rights and safeguards of the socially and educationally backward classes.
- Advice on and evaluate the socio-economic development of the socially and educationally backward classes.
- Provide the President with annual or periodic reports on the implementation of the safeguards.
- Recommend measures to be adopted by union and state governments for improving implementation of the safeguards and measures which ensure welfare and development of the socially and educationally backward classes.