The upper house of the Parliament is called the Rajya Sabha (Council of States). In India, the Rajya Sabha represents the states and thus, it is given the power to protect the states and their rights against the Union. The Rajya Sabha is also involved in approving all proposed constitutional amendments. It debates and approves non-money bills and can suggest amendments to money bills.
The Rajya Sabha comprises a maximum of 250 members. Of this, 238 are members who represent states and union territories, and the remainder of the 12 are those nominated by the President. The President can appoint these 12 members for their contributions to art, literature, science, and social services. It is a permanent body and can not be dissolved. Every alternate year, one-third of Rajya Sabha members retire and space is made for new members to join. Every member serves a term of 6 years. The ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha is the Vice President of the country. A Deputy Chairman is elected by the house members from amongst themselves. The most senior minister who serves as the leader of the house is appointed by the Prime Minister.